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Is it der, die oder das Ruf?


The correct article in German of Ruf is der. So it is der Ruf! (nominative case)

The word Ruf is masculine, therefore the correct article is der.

Finding the right gender of a noun

German articles are used similarly to the English articles,a and the. However, they are declined differently (change) according to the number, gender and case of their nouns.

In the German language, the gender and therefore article is fixed for each noun.

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The most difficult part of learning the German language is the articles (der, die, das) or rather the gender of each noun. The gender of each noun in German has no simple rule. In fact, it can even seem illogical. For example das Mädchen, a young girl is neutral while der Junge, a young boy is male.

It is a good idea to learn the correct article for each new word together - even if it means a lot of work. For example learning "der Hund" (the dog) rather than just Hund by itself. Fortunately, there are some rules about gender in German that make things a little easier. It might be even nicer if these rules didn't have exceptions - but you can't have everything! The best way to learn them is with the App - Der-Die-Das Train! (available for iOS and Android)

German nouns belong either to the gender masculine (male, standard gender) with the definite article der, to the feminine (feminine) with the definite article die, or to the neuter (neuter) with the definite article das.

  • for masculine: points of the compass, weather (Osten, Monsun, Sturm; however it is: das Gewitter), liquor/spirits (Wodka, Wein, Kognak), minerals, rocks (Marmor, Quarz, Granit, Diamant);

  • for feminine: ships and airplanes (die Deutschland, die Boeing; however it is: der Airbus), cigarette brands (Camel, Marlboro), many tree and plant species (Eiche, Pappel, Kiefer; aber: der Flieder), numbers (Eins, Million; however it is: das Dutzend), most inland rivers (Elbe, Oder, Donau; aber: der Rhein);

  • for neutrals: cafes, hotels, cinemas (das Mariott, das Cinemaxx), chemical elements (Helium, Arsen; however it is: der Schwefel, masculine elements have the suffix -stoff), letters, notes, languages and colors (das Orange, das A, das Englische), certain brand names for detergents and cleaning products (Ariel, Persil), continents, countries (die artikellosen: (das alte) Europa; however exceptions include: der Libanon, die Schweiz …).

German declension of Ruf?

How does the declension of Ruf work in the nominative, accusative, dative and genitive cases? Here you can find all forms in the singular as well as in the plural:

1 Singular Plural
Nominative der Ruf die Rufe
Genitive des Rufes des Rufs der Rufe
Dative dem Ruf dem Rufe den Rufen
Akkusative den Ruf die Rufe

What is the meaning of Ruf in German?

Ruf has various definitions in German:

[1] A sound that is addressed to someone

[1] ein Laut, der an jemanden adressiert ist

[2] The reputation that someone has with others

[2] das Ansehen, das jemand bei anderen hat

[3] A request to take a place or a position (at a university) or to do something

[3] eine Aufforderung, beispielsweise einen Platz oder eine Position (an einer Universität) einzunehmen oder etwas zu tun

How to use Ruf in a sentence?

Example sentences in German using Ruf with translations in English.

[1] Der Ruf „Feuer!“ hallte durch das Haus.

[1] The call "Feueräu" echoed through the homeland

[1] „Die üppigen Ansprüche vieler Konzernchefs heizen den allgemeinen Unmut und die Rufe nach staatlicher Deckelung weiter an.“

[1] "The lavish claims of many corporate bosses heat the general resentment and calls after state capping" further "

[1] „Die Donau belebte sich jetzt, eine Menge Barkassen und Kaiks manövrierten dort, begleitet von vielstimmigen Rufen, vom Knarren der Taue und Winden.“

[1] "The Danube now revived, a lot of barges and Kaiks maneuvered there, accompanied by polyphonic calls, from the creaking of the ropes and winds"

[2] Weil er gerade hier versagte, litt sein Ruf erheblich.

[2] Because he failed here, his reputation suffered significantly

[2] „Die europäische Politik ist besser als ihr Ruf. Viele Bürger ahnen das. Selbst in Großbritannien ist die Zustimmung zur EU zuletzt gewachsen.“

[2] "European politics is better than their call. Many citizens suspect this. Even in the UK, approval of the EU has recently increased."

[2] „Gerade Romney, derzeit Gouverneur von Massachusetts, hat sich im Olympiabusiness als Krisenmanager einen ausgezeichneten Ruf erworben.“

[2] "Romney, currently Governor from Massachusetts, has acquired an excellent reputation in the Olympicial Laboratory as a crisis manager"

[3] Er erhielt einen Ruf auf den Lehrstuhl für xy an der Universität Bonn.

[3] He received a call to the chair for XY at the University of Bonnä

[3] „1911 erhält der Vater einen Ruf auf einen für ihn eingerichteten Lehrstuhl an der Universität Berlin.“

[3] "In 1911 the father received a call for a chair at the University of Berlin" set up for him "

How do you pronounce Ruf?


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