map of ubahn

Is it der, die oder das Bulgarien?

The article is needed if "Bulgaria" in a certain quality, at a certain time or period as a subject or object in the sentence, is otherwise, i.e. normally, no article is used.

Finding the right gender of a noun

German articles are used similarly to the English articles,a and the. However, they are declined differently (change) according to the number, gender and case of their nouns.

In the German language, the gender and therefore article is fixed for each noun.

Test your knowledge!

Choose the correct article.





The most difficult part of learning the German language is the articles (der, die, das) or rather the gender of each noun. The gender of each noun in German has no simple rule. In fact, it can even seem illogical. For example das Mädchen, a young girl is neutral while der Junge, a young boy is male.

It is a good idea to learn the correct article for each new word together - even if it means a lot of work. For example learning "der Hund" (the dog) rather than just Hund by itself. Fortunately, there are some rules about gender in German that make things a little easier. It might be even nicer if these rules didn't have exceptions - but you can't have everything! The best way to learn them is with the App - Der-Die-Das Train! (available for iOS and Android)

German nouns belong either to the gender masculine (male, standard gender) with the definite article der, to the feminine (feminine) with the definite article die, or to the neuter (neuter) with the definite article das.

  • for masculine: points of the compass, weather (Osten, Monsun, Sturm; however it is: das Gewitter), liquor/spirits (Wodka, Wein, Kognak), minerals, rocks (Marmor, Quarz, Granit, Diamant);

  • for feminine: ships and airplanes (die Deutschland, die Boeing; however it is: der Airbus), cigarette brands (Camel, Marlboro), many tree and plant species (Eiche, Pappel, Kiefer; aber: der Flieder), numbers (Eins, Million; however it is: das Dutzend), most inland rivers (Elbe, Oder, Donau; aber: der Rhein);

  • for neutrals: cafes, hotels, cinemas (das Mariott, das Cinemaxx), chemical elements (Helium, Arsen; however it is: der Schwefel, masculine elements have the suffix -stoff), letters, notes, languages and colors (das Orange, das A, das Englische), certain brand names for detergents and cleaning products (Ariel, Persil), continents, countries (die artikellosen: (das alte) Europa; however exceptions include: der Libanon, die Schweiz …).

German declension of Bulgarien?

How does the declension of Bulgarien work in the nominative, accusative, dative and genitive cases? Here you can find all forms in the singular as well as in the plural:

1 Singular Plural
Nominative (das) Bulgarien
Genitive (des Bulgarien) (des Bulgariens) Bulgariens
Dative (dem) Bulgarien
Akkusative (das) Bulgarien

What is the meaning of Bulgarien in German?

Bulgarien is defined as:

[1] Land in Southeast Europe

[1] Land in Südosteuropa

How to use Bulgarien in a sentence?

Example sentences in German using Bulgarien with translations in English.

[1] Bei DDR-Bürgern war Bulgarien ein beliebtes Urlaubsland.

[1] Bulgaria was a popular holiday country for GDR citizens

[1] Sofia ist die Hauptstadt von Bulgarien.

[1] Sofia is the capital of Bulgaria

[1] „Bulgarien liegt im Osten der Balkanhalbinsel und ist eine Republik, die im Norden an Rumänien, im Westen an Serbien und Mazedonien, im Süden an Griechenland und die Türkei grenzt.“

[1] "Bulgaria is located in the east of the Balkan Peninsula and is a republic that borders in the north of Romania, in the west of Serbia and Macedonia, in the south on Greece and Turkey"

[1] „Die ursprünglich im Bereich des heutigen Bulgarien siedelnden Thraker kamen im 4.Jh. v. Chr.unter makedonische und im 1. Jh. n. Chr. unter römische Herrschaft.“

[1] “The thrakers originally settled in the area of ​​today's Bulgaria came in the 4th. v. Chr.unter Macedonian and in the 1st century AD under Roman rule. "

[1] „Die verheerenden Waldbrände in Russland haben den russischen Fußball-Verband (RFS) dazu gezwungen, das Länderspiel gegen Bulgarien am kommenden Mittwoch von Moskau nach St. Petersburg zu verlegen.“

[1] "The devastating forest fires in Russia have forced the Russian Football Association (RFS) to move the international match against Bulgaria from Moscow to State Petersburg next Wednesday."

[1] „Mein Geschichtslehrer erklärte eines Tages, dass Bulgarien im 10. Jahrhundert das größte Königreich auf dem Balkan gewesen war.“

[1] "One day my history teacher said that Bulgaria had been the largest kingdom in the Balkans in the 10th century."

How do you pronounce Bulgarien?


The content on this page is provided by and available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.